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Feasibility of Doppler variance imaging for red blood cell aggregation characterization

By Xiangqun Xu, Yeh-Chan Ahn and Zhongping Chen


An abnormal level of red blood cell (RBC) aggregation is a clinical condition associated with many pathologies. Our purpose is to investigate the feasibility of spectral domain phase-resolved optical Doppler tomography incorporated with Doppler variance imaging to characterize RBC aggregation in flowing blood. Variance∕standard deviation (SD) of the Doppler frequency spectrum of porcine blood flowing through a glass tube (diameter 300 μm) at 4.7 mm∕s is measured. For nonaggregating RBCs with hematocrits of 20, 40, and 60%, the mean centerline SD values were 34.2±1.2, 47.8±1.0, and 47.2±0.5, respectively. After dextran 500 induction, the SD value decreased significantly to 29.9±0.7, 37.9±3.0, and 40.1±0.6 (P<0.01) in the aggregated blood, respectively. The results demonstrate that Doppler variance imaging using the SD value is capable of differentiating normal and aggregated blood

Topics: JBO Letters
Publisher: Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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