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Structural and Kinetic Analysis of Free Methionine-R-sulfoxide Reductase from Staphylococcus aureus: CONFORMATIONAL CHANGES DURING CATALYSIS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CATALYTIC AND INHIBITORY MECHANISMS*

By Seoung Min Bong, Geun-Hee Kwak, Jin Ho Moon, Ki Seog Lee, Hong Seok Kim, Hwa-Young Kim and Young Min Chi

Abstract

Free methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase (fRMsr) reduces free methionine R-sulfoxide back to methionine, but its catalytic mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we have determined the crystal structures of the reduced, substrate-bound, and oxidized forms of fRMsr from Staphylococcus aureus. Our structural and biochemical analyses suggest the catalytic mechanism of fRMsr in which Cys102 functions as the catalytic residue and Cys68 as the resolving Cys that forms a disulfide bond with Cys102. Cys78, previously thought to be a catalytic Cys, is a non-essential residue for catalytic function. Additionally, our structures provide insights into the enzyme-substrate interaction and the role of active site residues in substrate binding. Structural comparison reveals that conformational changes occur in the active site during catalysis, particularly in the loop of residues 97–106 containing the catalytic Cys102. We have also crystallized a complex between fRMsr and isopropyl alcohol, which acts as a competitive inhibitor for the enzyme. This isopropyl alcohol-bound structure helps us to understand the inhibitory mechanism of fRMsr. Our structural and enzymatic analyses suggest that a branched methyl group in alcohol seems important for competitive inhibition of the fRMsr due to its ability to bind to the active site

Topics: Protein Structure and Folding
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2915740
Provided by: PubMed Central
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