Article thumbnail

The cognitive neuroscience of prehension: recent developments

By Scott T. Grafton

Abstract

Prehension, the capacity to reach and grasp, is the key behavior that allows humans to change their environment. It continues to serve as a remarkable experimental test case for probing the cognitive architecture of goal-oriented action. This review focuses on recent experimental evidence that enhances or modifies how we might conceptualize the neural substrates of prehension. Emphasis is placed on studies that consider how precision grasps are selected and transformed into motor commands. Then, the mechanisms that extract action relevant information from vision and touch are considered. These include consideration of how parallel perceptual networks within parietal cortex, along with the ventral stream, are connected and share information to achieve common motor goals. On-line control of grasping action is discussed within a state estimation framework. The review ends with a consideration about how prehension fits within larger action repertoires that solve more complex goals and the possible cortical architectures needed to organize these actions

Topics: Review
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2903689
Provided by: PubMed Central

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2006). 102:3433–3446 Iriki A
  2. (1988). A cortically mediated visuomotor pattern. Behav Brain Res 19:99–116 Jeannerod M
  3. (2009). A distinct representation of three-dimensional shape in macaque anterior intraparietal area: fast, metric, and coarse.
  4. (2010). A DTI investigation of neural substrates supporting tool use. Cereb Cortex 20:507–516 Randerath
  5. (2006). Advantages of binocular vision for the control of reaching and grasping.
  6. (2010). Behav 16:235–254Exp Brain Res
  7. (2007). FMRI reveals a dissociation between grasping and perceiving the size of real 3D objects.
  8. (2003). From ‘acting on’ to ‘acting with’: the functional anatomy of object-oriented action schemata. Prog Brain Res 142:127–139
  9. (2009). Functional imaging of the parietal cortex during action execution and observation.
  10. (1999). Neural representation of threedimensional features of manipulation objects with stereopsis. Exp Brain Res 128:160–169 Schabrun SM, Ridding MC, Miles TS
  11. (2008). On the role of the ventral premotor cortex and anterior intraparietal area for predictive and reactive scaling of grip force.
  12. (1990). Parietal cortex neurons of the monkey related to the visual guidance of hand movement. Exp Brain Res 83:29–36 Tunik
  13. (2009). Sensorimotor memory of object weight distribution during multidigit grasp.
  14. (2008). Somatosensory, motor, and reaching/grasping responses to direct electrical stimulation of the human cingulate motor areas.
  15. (2006). The anterior intraparietal sulcus mediates grasp execution, independent of requirement to update: new insights from transcranial magnetic stimulation.
  16. (2008). The speciWcity of learned associations in visuomotor and perceptual processing. Exp Brain Res 187:595–601 Dijkerman HC, Smit MC (2007) Interference of grasping observation during prehension, a behavioural study. Exp Brain Res 176:387– Dijkerman
  17. (2009). TMS investigations into the task-dependent functional interplay between human posterior parietal and motor cortex. Behav Brain Res 202:147–152 Kourtis