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Psychosocial Resources and Associations Between Childhood Physical Abuse and Adult Well-being

By Lindsay M. Pitzer and Karen L. Fingerman


Childhood physical abuse is often associated with detrimental physical and psychological consequences in adulthood. Yet, some adults appear to overcome effects of very severe parental physical abuse in childhood. This study considered whether psychosocial resources (i.e., emotional and instrumental support, personal control) explain variability in well-being for adults who experienced childhood physical abuse by their parents. Participants included 2,711 adults aged 25–74 years from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS I) study. Moderation models revealed that high levels of personal control were associated with better physical and psychological functioning among adults who were physically abused as children. Thus, personal control may be a key factor to health and well-being and thus resilient functioning following childhood abuse

Topics: Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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