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The Impact of School Tobacco Policies on Student Smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, Australia

By Tracy J Evans-Whipp, Lyndal Bond, Obioha C Ukoumunne, John W Toumbourou and Richard F Catalano


This paper measures tobacco polices in statewide representative samples of secondary and mixed schools in Victoria, Australia and Washington, US (N = 3,466 students from 285 schools) and tests their association with student smoking. Results from confounder-adjusted random effects (multi-level) regression models revealed that the odds of student perception of peer smoking on school grounds are decreased in schools that have strict enforcement of policy (odds ratio (OR) = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.82; p = 0.009). There was no clear evidence in this study that a comprehensive smoking ban, harsh penalties, remedial penalties, harm minimization policy or abstinence policy impact on any of the smoking outcomes

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Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
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