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Co-regulation of Caveolar and Cdc42-dependent Fluid Phase Endocytosis by Phosphocaveolin-1*

By Zhi-Jie Cheng, Raman Deep Singh, Eileen L. Holicky, Christine L. Wheatley, David L. Marks and Richard E. Pagano


Several clathrin-independent endocytosis mechanisms have been identified that can be distinguished by specific requirements for certain proteins, such as caveolin-1 (Cav1) and the Rho GTPases, RhoA and Cdc42, as well as by specific cargo. Some endocytic pathways may be co-regulated such that disruption of one pathway leads to the up-regulation of another; however, the underlying mechanisms for this are unclear. Cav1 has been reported to function as a guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (GDI), which inhibits Cdc42 activation. We tested the hypothesis that Cav1 can regulate Cdc42-dependent, fluid phase endocytosis. We demonstrate that Cav1 overexpression decreases fluid phase endocytosis, whereas silencing of Cav1 enhances this pathway. Enhancement of Cav1 phosphorylation using a phosphatase inhibitor reduces Cdc42-regulated pinocytosis while stimulating caveolar endocytosis. Fluid phase endocytosis was inhibited by expression of a putative phosphomimetic mutant, Cav1-Y14E, but not by the phospho-deficient mutant, Cav1-Y14F. Overexpression of Cav2, or a Cav1 mutant in which the GDI region was altered to the corresponding sequence in Cav2, did not suppress fluid phase endocytosis. These results suggest that the Cav1 expression level and phosphorylation state regulates fluid phase endocytosis via the interaction between the Cav1 GDI region and Cdc42. These data define a novel molecular mechanism for co-regulation of two distinct clathrin-independent endocytic pathways

Topics: Cell Biology
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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