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Adiabatically tuning quantized supercurrents in an annular Bose-Einstein condensate

By Junpeng Hou, Xi-Wang Luo, Kuei Sun and Chuanwei Zhang

Abstract

The ability to generate and tune quantized persistent supercurrents is crucial for building superconducting or atomtronic devices with novel functionalities. In ultracold atoms, previous methods for generating quantized supercurrents are generally based on dynamical processes to prepare atoms in metastable excited states. Here we show that arbitrary quantized circulation states can be adiabatically prepared and tuned as the ground state of a ring-shaped Bose-Einstein condensate by utilizing spin-orbital-angular-momentum (SOAM) coupling and an external potential. There exists superfluid hysteresis for tuning supercurrents between different quantization values with nonlinear atomic interactions, which is explained by developing a nonlinear Landau-Zener theory. Our work will provide a powerful platform for studying SOAM coupled ultracold atomic gases and building novel atomtronic circuits.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.011603
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1705.00229

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