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Penrose junction conditions extended: impulsive waves with gyratons

By Jiri Podolsky, Robert Svarc, Roland Steinbauer and Clemens Sämann


We generalize the classical junction conditions for constructing impulsive gravitational waves by the Penrose "cut and paste" method. Specifically, we study nonexpanding impulses which propagate in spaces of constant curvature with any value of the cosmological constant (that is Minkowski, de Sitter, or anti-de Sitter universes) when additional off-diagonal metric components are present. Such components encode a possible angular momentum of the ultra-relativistic source of the impulsive wave - the so called gyraton. We explicitly derive and analyze a specific transformation that relates the distributional form of the metric to a new form which is (Lipschitz) continuous. Such a transformation automatically implies an extended version of the Penrose junction conditions. It turns out that the conditions for identifying points of the background spacetime across the impulse are the same as in the original Penrose "cut and paste" construction, but their derivatives now directly represent the influence of the gyraton on the axial motion of test particles. Our results apply both for vacuum and nonvacuum solutions of Einstein's field equations, and can also be extended to other theories of gravity.Comment: 15 pages, 2 figure

Topics: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, High Energy Physics - Theory, 83C15, 83C35, 83C10
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevD.96.064043
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