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Ising-type Magnetic Anisotropy in CePd$_2$As$_2$

By M. O. Ajeesh, T. Shang, W. B. Jiang, W. Xie, R. D. dos Reis, M. Smidman, C. Geibel, H. Q. Yuan and M. Nicklas


We investigated the anisotropic magnetic properties of CePd$_2$As$_2$ by magnetic, thermal and electrical transport studies. X-ray diffraction confirmed the tetragonal ThCr$_2$Si$_2$-type structure and the high-quality of the single crystals. Magnetisation and magnetic susceptibility data taken along the different crystallographic directions evidence a huge crystalline electric field (CEF) induced Ising-type magneto-crystalline anisotropy with a large $c$-axis moment and a small in-plane moment at low temperature. A detailed CEF analysis based on the magnetic susceptibility data indicates an almost pure $\langle\pm5/2 \rvert$ CEF ground-state doublet with the dominantly $\langle\pm3/2 \rvert$ and the $\langle\pm1/2 \rvert$ doublets at 290 K and 330 K, respectively. At low temperature, we observe a uniaxial antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition at $T_N=14.7$ K with the crystallographic $c$-direction being the magnetic easy-axis. The magnetic entropy gain up to $T_N$ reaches almost $R\ln2$ indicating localised $4f$-electron magnetism without significant Kondo-type interactions. Below $T_N$, the application of a magnetic field along the $c$-axis induces a metamagnetic transition from the AFM to a field-polarised phase at $\mu_0H_{c0}=0.95$ T, exhibiting a text-book example of a spin-flip transition as anticipated for an Ising-type AFM.Comment: 9 Pages, 8 figure

Topics: Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons, Condensed Matter - Materials Science
Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1038/s41598-017-07595-w
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