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The Politics of Natural Resource Enclosure in South Africa and Ecuador

By Melissa Hansen, Mine Islar and Torsten Krause

Abstract

The paper examines the ways in which states facilitate 'new enclosures' of natural resources, and the challenges of this as a strategy of development and environmental sustainability. We argue that enclosures introduce significant changes in property regimes, which redefine conditions for the access and control of land and forest, especially for tribal and indigenous communities. In this context, we analyse two state-initiated projects-the iSimangaliso Wetland Park in South Africa, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and the Socio Bosque incentive conservation programme in Ecuador

Topics: Human Geography, Environmental Sciences, Ecuador, South Africa, UNESCO World Heritage, iSimangaliso Wetland Park, financial incentives for conservation, protected areas, state-driven development, Enclosure
Publisher: 'Medknow'
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.4103/0972-4923.170406
OAI identifier: oai:lup.lub.lu.se:d6438f1b-cce5-4c89-bb49-03c10628dadb
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