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Magnetic phases near the Van Hove singularity in s- and d-band Hubbard models

By Marcus Fleck, Andrzej M. Oleś and Lars Hedin


We investigate the magnetic instabilities of the nondegenerate (s-band) and a degenerate (d-band) Hubbard model in two dimensions using many-body effects due to particle-particle diagrams and Hund’s rule local correlations. The density of states and the position of the Van Hove singularity change depending on the value of next-nearest-neighbor hopping t′. The Stoner parameter is strongly reduced in the s-band case, and ferromagnetism survives only if the electron density is small and the band has flat regions. Due to next-nearest-neighbor hopping there are flat regions in Γ−X and Γ−Y directions. In contrast, for the d-band case the reduction of the Stoner parameter which follows from particle-particle correlations is much smaller and ferromagnetism survives to a large extent. Inclusion of local spin-spin correlations has a limited destabilizing effect on the magnetic states

Topics: Condensed Matter Physics
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 1997
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.56.3159
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