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Divalent cations and fast axonal transport in chemically desheathed (triton X-treated) frog sciatic nerve

By Martin Kanje, Anders Edström and Per Ekström


We have studied the ability of divalent cations to restore to normal axonal transport (AXT) which was inhibited by deprivation of Ca2+ and/or Mg2+ ions. The epi- and perineurium of the frog sciatic nerve were damaged by a 30-s wash in Triton X-100 containing frog Ringer's. This treatment did not affect either AXT or nerve levels of Ca2+ and Mg2+, but made the ions more easily extractable with a Ca2+- and Mg2+-free Ringer's solution (CMFR). Inhibition of AXT was achieved by incubating Triton X-100-treated nerves in CMFR + EGTA for 5 h, followed by an additional incubation for 12 h in CMFR or Ringer's devoid of only Ca2+ (CFR). These treatments reduced Ca2+ and Mg2+ contents by 77% and 38% respectively. Addition of Ca2+ (1.1 mM) during the 12-h period stimulated AXT, measured as accumulation of 3H-labelled components in front of a ligature, several fold. Mg2+ could not substitute for Ca2+ but potentiated the stimulating effect of Ca2+. Addition of other divalent cations did not affect AXT (Sr2+ and Ba2+) or potentiated the inhibition caused by Ca2+-deprived medium (Mn2+ and Co2+). ATP and creatine phosphate contents were similar in nerves incubated in Ca2+-deprived medium and in Ca2+-containing Ringer's. Thus, inhibition of AXT in the former situation was not due to a decreased availability of high energy phosphates. Two calcium antagonists, D-600 and nifedipin, which are potent smooth muscle relaxants, effectively blocked AXT. The present ressults suggest that Ca2+ is specifically required to maintain AXT and that an anlogy exists between Ca2+ regulation during smooth muscle contraction and AXT

Topics: Cell Biology, axonal transport, calcium, calcium antagonists, divalent cations
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 1982
DOI identifier: 10.1016/0006-8993(82)91229-X
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