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Sunscreen, antioxidant, and bactericide capacities of phlorotannins from the brown macroalga Halidrys siliquosa

By Klervi Le Lann, Gwladys Surget, Celine Couteau, Laurence Coiffard, Stephane Cerantola, Fanny Gaillard, Maud Larnicol, Mayalen Zubia, Fabienne Guerard, Nathalie Poupart and Valerie Stiger-pouvreau

Abstract

The present study focused on a brown macroalga (Halidrys siliquosa), with a particular emphasis on polyphenols and their associated biological activities. Two fractions were obtained by liquid/liquid purification from a crude hydroethanolic extract: (i) an ethyl acetate fraction and (ii) an aqueous fraction. Total phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of extract and both fractions were assessed by in vitro tests (Folin-Ciocalteu test, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, reducing power assay, superoxide anion scavenging assay, and beta-carotene-linoleic acid system). For the most active fraction, i.e., the ethyl acetate fraction, the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value, antibacterial activities, and sunscreen potential (Sun Protection Factor and UV-A-Protection Factor) were tested in vitro. A high correlation found between antioxidant activities and total phenolic content was interpreted as the involvement of polyphenolic compounds in antioxidant mechanisms. Interestingly, the ethyl acetate fraction appeared to be a broad-spectrum UV absorber and showed a strong bactericidal activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. In this fraction, four phenolic compounds (trifuhalols and tetrafuhalols and, for the first time, diphlorethols and triphlorethols) were identified using 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and MS analysis. These findings are promising for the use of H. siliquosa, abundant in Brittany, as a valuable source of photoprotectant molecules for sunscreen and cosmetic applications

Topics: Antioxidant, Bactericidal, Phenolic compounds, Phaeophyceae, Seaweed, ORAC value, Sunscreen potential
Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s10811-016-0853-0
OAI identifier: oai:archimer.ifremer.fr:47682
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