Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Spatial crime patterns and the introduction of the UK minimum wage

By Kirstine Hansen and Stephen Machin


In this paper we consider the connection between crime and the labour market in a different way to existing work. We focus on a situation where the introduction of a minimum wage floor to a labour market previously unregulated by minimum wage legislation provided substantial pay increases for low paid workers. From a theoretical perspective we argue that this wage boost has the potential to alter peoples’ incentives to participate in crime. We formulate empirical tests, based upon area-level data in England and Wales, which look at what happened to crime rates before and after the introduction of the national minimum wage to the UK labour market in April 1999. Comparing police force area-level crime rates before and after the minimum wage introduction produces evidence in line with the notion that changing economic incentives for low wage workers can influence crime

Year: 2002
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1999). Alan Clarke and Nigel Fielding doi
  2. (2001). Alan Manning and Lupin Rahman
  3. (2000). An Economic Model of Recent Trends in Violent Crime”,
  4. (1999). Crime and economic incentives”. University College London mimeo.
  5. (1968). Crime and punishment: An economic approach”,
  6. (2002). Crime Rates and Local Labor Market Opportunities in the United States: 1979-1995”,
  7. (1996). Crime, Deterrence and Unemployment in England and Wales: An Empirical Analysis”, doi
  8. (1996). Crime, Punishment, and the Market for Offenses’,
  9. (1999). Crime, Work and Unemployment”,
  10. (1996). Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-92: A Semi-Parametric Approach,
  11. (1998). Market Wages and Youth Crime”,
  12. (1999). Minimum Wages, Employment, and the Distribution of Income”,
  13. (1973). Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation”,
  14. (1987). Rates of Crime and Unemployment: An Analysis
  15. (1987). Recession, Crime and Punishment.
  16. (1999). Recorded Crime Statistics England and Wales,
  17. (2001). Revisiting the Dark Figure A Microeconometric Analysis of the Under-reporting of Property Crime and Its Implications”,
  18. (1999). The Economics of Crime”
  19. (1999). The Effects of Minimum Wages on Employment: Theory and Evidence From Britain",
  20. (2001). The Impact of the Introduction of the UK Minimum Wage on the Employment Probabilities of Low Wage Workers”, doi
  21. (1999). The Low Pay Commission And The National Minimum Wage”, doi
  22. (1992). Using Regional Variation in Wages to Measure the Effects of the Federal Minimum Wage”,
  23. (1999). Wage Inequality in the United States during the 1980s: Rising Dispersion or Falling Minimum Wage?”,
  24. (2000). Wages and youth arrests”.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.