Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The virion-packaged endoribonuclease of herpes simplex virus 1 cleaves mRNA in polyribosomes

By Brunella Taddeo, Weiran Zhang and Bernard Roizman

Abstract

The virion host shutoff protein product of the UL41 gene of herpes simplex virus 1 is an endoribonuclease that selectively degrades mRNAs during the first hours after infection. Specifically, in contrast to the events in uninfected cells or cells infected with a mutant lacking the RNase, in wild-type virus-infected cells mRNA of housekeeping genes exemplified by GAPDH is degraded rapidly, whereas mRNAs containing AU elements are cleaved and the 5′ cleavage product of these RNAs persists for many hours. We report that in wild-type virus-infected cells there was a rapid increase in the number and size of processing bodies (P-bodies). These P-bodies were also preset in cycloheximide (CHX)-treated cells but not in either treated or untreated uninfected cells or cells infected with the RNase minus mutant. Additional studies revealed that polyribosomes extracted from cytoplasm of wild-type virus-infected cells treated with CHX and displayed in sucrose gradients contained ribosome-loaded, truncated AU-rich mRNAs lacking the 3′ UTR and poly(A) tails. The results suggest that the virion RNase is bound to polyribosomes by virtue of the reported association with translation machinery and cleaves the RNAs 5′ to the AU elements. In contrast to the slow degradation of the of the residual 5′ domain, the 3′ UTR of the AU-rich mRNA and the GAPDH mRNA are rapidly degraded in wild-type virus-infected cells

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2715532
Provided by: PubMed Central
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.g... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.