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Communication between female tract and sperm: Saying NO• when you mean yes

By Linda Lefièvre, Gisela Machado-Oliveira, Chris Ford, Jackson Kirkman-Brown, Christopher Barratt and Steve Publicover

Abstract

Signaling through [Ca2+]i is central to regulation of sperm activity and is likely to be the mechanism that transduces signals from the female reproductive tract to regulate sperm motility. In a recent paper1 we showed that exposure of sperm to nitric oxide mobilizes stored Ca2+ in human sperm, an effect that occurs through nitrosylation of protein thiols. Not only did we find that NO• production by cells of the human female tract would be sufficient to elicit this effect, but progesterone, which is also present in the female tract and is synthesized by the oocyte vestments, acted synergistically with NO• to mobilize Ca2+ and enhance flagellar beating. Here we argue that a Ca2+ store at the junction of the sperm head and flagellum is subject to regulation by both progesterone and NO• and that ryanodine receptors at the store may be the point at which coincidence detection and synergistic interaction occurs

Topics: Article Addendum
Publisher: Landes Bioscience
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2686350
Provided by: PubMed Central
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