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Secretory Carrier Membrane Protein 2 Regulates Cell-surface Targeting of Brain-enriched Na+/H+ Exchanger NHE5*

By Graham H. Diering, John Church and Masayuki Numata


NHE5 is a brain-enriched Na+/H+ exchanger that dynamically shuttles between the plasma membrane and recycling endosomes, serving as a mechanism that acutely controls the local pH environment. In the current study we show that secretory carrier membrane proteins (SCAMPs), a group of tetraspanning integral membrane proteins that reside in multiple secretory and endocytic organelles, bind to NHE5 and co-localize predominantly in the recycling endosomes. In vitro protein-protein interaction assays revealed that NHE5 directly binds to the N- and C-terminal cytosolic extensions of SCAMP2. Heterologous expression of SCAMP2 but not SCAMP5 increased cell-surface abundance as well as transporter activity of NHE5 across the plasma membrane. Expression of a deletion mutant lacking the SCAMP2-specific N-terminal cytosolic domain, and a mini-gene encoding the N-terminal extension, reduced the transporter activity. Although both Arf6 and Rab11 positively regulate NHE5 cell-surface targeting and NHE5 activity across the plasma membrane, SCAMP2-mediated surface targeting of NHE5 was reversed by dominant-negative Arf6 but not by dominant-negative Rab11. Together, these results suggest that SCAMP2 regulates NHE5 transit through recycling endosomes and promotes its surface targeting in an Arf6-dependent manner

Topics: Membrane Transport, Structure, Function, and Biogenesis
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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