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Myeloperoxidase, modified lipoproteins, and atherogenesis

By Stephen J. Nicholls and Stanley L. Hazen


Numerous lines of evidence implicate a role for myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Enriched within vulnerable plaque, MPO serves as an enzymatic source of eicosanoids and bioactive lipids and generates atherogenic forms of both low- and high-density lipoproteins. These factors likely contribute to clinical studies demonstrating that increased systemic levels of MPO and its oxidation products predict increased cardiovascular risk. As a result, interest has focused on the potential to target MPO for the development of new risk markers, imaging, and therapies to prevent cardiovascular events

Topics: Atherogenesis
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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