The ability to detect and discriminate attributes of sounds improves with practice. Determining how such auditory learning generalizes to stimuli and tasks that are not encountered during training can guide the development of training regimens used to improve hearing abilities in particular populations as well as provide insight into the neural mechanisms mediating auditory performance. Here we review the newly emerging literature on the generalization of auditory learning, focusing on behavioural investigations of generalization on basic auditory tasks in human listeners. The review reveals a variety of generalization patterns across different trained tasks that can not be summarized with a simple rule, and a diversity of views about the definition, evaluation and interpretation of generalization
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