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The structure of the Na+,K+-ATPase and mapping of isoform differences and disease-related mutations

By J. Preben Morth, Hanne Poulsen, Mads S. Toustrup-Jensen, Vivien Rodacker Schack, Jan Egebjerg, Jens Peter Andersen, Bente Vilsen and Poul Nissen

Abstract

The Na+,K+-ATPase transforms the energy of ATP to the maintenance of steep electrochemical gradients for sodium and potassium across the plasma membrane. This activity is tissue specific, in particular due to variations in the expressions of the alpha subunit isoforms one through four. Several mutations in alpha2 and 3 have been identified that link the specific function of the Na+,K+-ATPase to the pathophysiology of neurological diseases such as rapid-onset dystonia parkinsonism and familial hemiplegic migraine type 2. We show a mapping of the isoform differences and the disease-related mutations on the recently determined crystal structure of the pig renal Na+,K+-ATPase and a structural comparison to Ca2+-ATPase. Furthermore, we present new experimental data that address the role of a stretch of three conserved arginines near the C-terminus of the alpha subunit (Arg1003–Arg1005)

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: The Royal Society
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2674101
Provided by: PubMed Central
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