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DNA binding induces active site conformational change in the human TREX2 3′-exonuclease

By Udesh de Silva, Fred W. Perrino and Thomas Hollis


The TREX enzymes process DNA as the major 3′→5′ exonuclease activity in mammalian cells. TREX2 and TREX1 are members of the DnaQ family of exonucleases and utilize a two metal ion catalytic mechanism of hydrolysis. The structure of the dimeric TREX2 enzyme in complex with single-stranded DNA has revealed binding properties that are distinct from the TREX1 protein. The TREX2 protein undergoes a conformational change in the active site upon DNA binding including ordering of active site residues and a shift of an active site helix. Surprisingly, even when a single monomer binds DNA, both monomers in the dimer undergo the structural rearrangement. From this we have proposed a model for DNA binding and 3′ hydrolysis for the TREX2 dimer. The structure also shows how TREX proteins potentially interact with double-stranded DNA and suggest features that might be involved in strand denaturation to provide a single-stranded substrate for the active site

Topics: Nucleic Acid Enzymes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central

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