Mitochondrial RNAs in trypanosomes are edited by the insertion and deletion of uridine (U) nucleotides to form translatable mRNAs. Editing is catalyzed by three distinct editosomes that contain two related U-specific exonucleases (exoUases), KREX1 and KREX2, with the former present exclusively in KREN1 editosomes and the latter present in all editosomes. We show here that repression of KREX1 expression leads to a concomitant reduction of KREN1 in ∼20S editosomes, whereas KREX2 repression results in reductions of KREPA2 and KREL1 in ∼20S editosomes. Knockdown of KREX1 results in reduced cell viability, reduction of some edited RNA in vivo, and a significant reduction in deletion but not insertion endonuclease activity in vitro. In contrast, KREX2 knockdown does not affect cell growth or editing in vivo but results in modest reductions of both insertion and deletion endonuclease activities and a significant reduction of U removal in vitro. Simultaneous knockdown of both proteins leads to a more severe inhibition of cell growth and editing in vivo and an additive effect on endonuclease cleavage in vitro. Taken together, these results indicate that both KREX1 and KREX2 are important for retention of other proteins in editosomes, and suggest that the reduction in cell viability upon KREX1 knockdown is likely a consequence of KREN1 loss. Furthermore, although KREX2 appears dispensable for cell growth, the increased inhibition of editing and parasite viability upon knockdown of both KREX1 and KREX2 together suggests that both proteins have roles in editing
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.