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Use of an Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Antibody in a Pharmacokinetic Strategy to Increase the Efficacy of Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy

By Dhaval K. Shah, Beom Soo Shin, Jean Veith, Karoly Tóth, Ralph J. Bernacki and Joseph P. Balthasar

Abstract

The efficacy of intraperitoneal chemotherapy for ovarian cancers is limited by poor penetration of drug into peritoneal tumors. Based on pharmacokinetic theory that suggests that penetration depth is primarily determined by the rate of drug removal via tumor capillaries, we have hypothesized that co-administration of antiangiogenic therapy will allow for decreased drug removal, increased drug concentrations in tumor, and increased efficacy of intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Pharmacokinetic modeling was conducted to simulate the effect of tumor blood flow on tumor concentrations of topotecan. Simulations predicted that tumor blood flow reductions, as potentially achieved by antiangiogenic therapy, would lead to substantial increases in tumor concentrations after intraperitoneal chemotherapy but would lead to a slight decrease after systemic chemotherapy. Pharmacokinetic studies performed using the A2780 xenograft tumor model showed that animals receiving combined intraperitoneal topotecan and an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) monoclonal antibody had ∼6.5-fold higher (p = 0.0015) tumor topotecan concentrations compared with animals receiving intraperitoneal topotecan alone, whereas there was no significant (p = 0.16) difference for systemic topotecan. Therapeutic studies conducted with two different drugs, topotecan and cisplatin, showed that animals receiving combined intraperitoneal chemotherapy and anti-VEGF therapy displayed superior survival relative to animals treated with chemotherapy alone (i.e., cisplatin or topotecan), anti-VEGF alone, or intravenous chemotherapy with concomitant anti-VEGF therapy. Combined intraperitoneal topotecan and anti-VEGF resulted in the complete cure of four of 11 mice. The proposed combination of antiangiogenic therapy and intraperitoneal chemotherapy, which was predicted to be beneficial by pharmacokinetic simulations, may provide substantial benefit to patients with peritoneal malignancies

Topics: Chemotherapy, Antibiotics, and Gene Therapy
Publisher: American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2672874
Provided by: PubMed Central
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