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Skeletal changes associated with the onset of type 2 diabetes in the ZDF and ZDSD rodent models

By Susan Reinwald, Richard G. Peterson, Matt R. Allen and David B. Burr

Abstract

The incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) continue to escalate at an unprecedented rate in the United States, particularly among populations with high rates of obesity. The impact of T2D on bone mass, geometry, architecture, strength, and resistance to fracture has yet to be incontrovertibly characterized because of the complex and heterogeneous nature of this disease. This study utilized skeletally mature male diabetic rats of the commonly used Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) and Zucker diabetic Sprague-Dawley (ZDSD) strains as surrogate models to assess alterations in bone attributable to T2D-like states. After the animals were euthanized, bone data were collected using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, peripheral quantitative tomography, and micro-CT imaging modalities and via three-point bending or compression mechanical testing methods. ZDF and ZDSD diabetic rats exhibited lower bone mineral densities, which coincided with declines in structural strength and increased fragility at the femoral midshaft and the L4 vertebral body in response to monotonic loading. Vertebral trabecular morphology was compromised in both diabetic rodent strains, and ZDSD diabetic rats exhibited additional phenotypic impairments to bone material properties at the spine. Because the metabolic origin of the T2D-like state that develops in the ZDSD rat strain is highly relevant to adult-onset diabetes, it is a particularly attractive novel model for future preclinical research

Topics: Articles
Publisher: American Physiological Society
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2670632
Provided by: PubMed Central
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