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The relationship between intelligence and duration of circulatory arrest with deep hypothermia

By R.K. Oates, J.M. Simpson, J.A.B. Turnbull and T.B. Cartmill


AbstractA total of 114 children (51 with tetralogy of Fallot, 30 with transposition of the great arteries, and 33 with ventricular septal defect) who had these defects repaired with the use of deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest were assessed for intellectual and neuropsychologic function at an average of 9 to 10 years after the operation. Children with preoperative intellectual handicaps or postoperative neurologic complications were excluded. These children were compared with 54 who had atrial septal defects repaired with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. The only significant difference in the neuropsychologic measures was that the bypass group had reaction times 2 to 3 seconds shorter on average than those of the hypothermic circulatory arrest group. Although there was no significant difference in intelligence quotient between the groups, a relationship between intelligence quotient and arrest time was found. Regression analysis of intelligence quotient against duration of arrest showed a significant decrease in intelligence quotient with increasing arrest time (slope = -0.36; p = 0.002; 95% confidence interval, -0.59, -0.14) indicating a decrease of 3 to 4 intelligence quotient points for each extra 10 minutes of arrest time. It appears that deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest for cardiac operations in children does not fully protect the brain, with a linear relationship existing between the amount of impairment and the duration of circulatory arrest. (J THORAC CARDIOVASC SURG 1995;110:786-92

Publisher: Mosby, Inc.
Year: 1995
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S0022-5223(95)70112-5
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