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Mutations in DDR2 Gene Cause SMED with Short Limbs and Abnormal Calcifications

By Ruth Bargal, Valerie Cormier-Daire, Ziva Ben-Neriah, Martine Le Merrer, Jacob Sosna, Judith Melki, David H. Zangen, Sarah F. Smithson, Zvi Borochowitz, Ruth Belostotsky and Annick Raas-Rothschild


The spondylo-meta-epiphyseal dysplasia [SMED] short limb-hand type [SMED-SL] is a rare autosomal-recessive disease, first reported by Borochowitz et al. in 1993.1 Since then, 14 affected patients have been reported.2–5 We diagnosed 6 patients from 5 different consanguineous Arab Muslim families from the Jerusalem area with SMED-SL. Additionally, we studied two patients from Algerian and Pakistani ancestry and the parents of the first Jewish patients reported.1 Using a homozygosity mapping strategy, we located a candidate region on chromosome 1q23 spanning 2.4 Mb. The position of the Discoidin Domain Receptor 2 (DDR2) gene within the candidate region and the similarity of the ddr2 knockout mouse to the SMED patients' phenotype prompted us to study this gene6. We identified three missense mutations c.2254 C > T [R752C], c. 2177 T > G [I726R], c.2138C > T [T713I] and one splice site mutation [IVS17+1g > a] in the conserved sequence encoding the tyrosine kinase domain of the DDR2 gene. The results of this study will permit an accurate early prenatal diagnosis and carrier screening for families at risk

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Publisher: Elsevier
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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