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Characterization of the Polyoxin Biosynthetic Gene Cluster from Streptomyces cacaoi and Engineered Production of Polyoxin H*S⃞

By Wenqing Chen, Tingting Huang, Xinyi He, Qingqing Meng, Delin You, Linquan Bai, Jialiang Li, Mingxuan Wu, Rui Li, Zhoujie Xie, Huchen Zhou, Xiufen Zhou, Huarong Tan and Zixin Deng


A gene cluster (pol) essential for the biosynthesis of polyoxin, a nucleoside antibiotic widely used for the control of phytopathogenic fungi, was cloned from Streptomyces cacaoi. A 46,066-bp region was sequenced, and 20 of 39 of the putative open reading frames were defined as necessary for polyoxin biosynthesis as evidenced by its production in a heterologous host, Streptomyces lividans TK24. The role of PolO and PolA in polyoxin synthesis was demonstrated by in vivo experiments, and their functions were unambiguously characterized as O-carbamoyltransferase and UMP-enolpyruvyltransferase, respectively, by in vitro experiments, which enabled the production of a modified compound differing slightly from that proposed earlier. These studies should provide a solid foundation for the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms for polyoxin biosynthesis, and set the stage for combinatorial biosynthesis using genes encoding different pathways for nucleoside antibiotics

Topics: Metabolism and Bioenergetics
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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