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The Sensor Kinase TodS Operates by a Multiple Step Phosphorelay Mechanism Involving Two Autokinase Domains*

By Andreas Busch, María-Eugenia Guazzaroni, Jesús Lacal, Juan Luis Ramos and Tino Krell


Expression of the Pseudomonas putida tod operon, which encodes enzymes for toluene metabolism, takes place from the PtodX promoter and is mediated by the TodS/TodT two component system. The sensor kinase TodS has a complex domain arrangement containing two functional modules, each harboring a sensor- and an autokinase domain and separated by a receiver domain. Based on site-directed mutagenesis of phosphoaccepting His-190, Asp-500, and His-760 and in vitro transphosphorylation experiments with recombinant TodS fragments, we show that TodS uses a multiple step phosphorelay mechanism to activate TodT. Toluene binding stimulates exclusively phosphorylation of His-190, which is followed by phosphotransfer to Asp-500 and subsequently to His-760 prior to phosphorylation of TodT Asp-57. Mutation of His-190, Asp-500, and H760A prevented up-regulation of toluene-mediated stimulation of TodT transphosphorylation in vitro and reduced in vivo expression of PtodX to the basal level. Calorimetric studies support that TodT binds to the C-terminal kinase module with a KD of ∼200 nm and 1:1 stoichiometry. This is the first report of a multiple step phosphorelay mechanism of a sensor kinase that involves two autokinase domains

Topics: Mechanisms of Signal Transduction
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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