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A pilot study evaluating changes in pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity concentrations in canines treated with L-asparaginase (ASNase), vincristine, or both for lymphoma

By Zachary Wright, Joerg Steiner, Jan Suchodolski, Kenita Rogers, Claudia Barton and Marjorie Brown

Abstract

L-asparaginase (ASNase) is a common chemotherapy agent for the treatment of lymphoid malignancies. L-asparaginase has been reported to cause clinical pancreatitis in both humans and canines. Canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) is now a common diagnostic tool for evaluating pancreatitis in dogs. A total of 52 dogs were enrolled into this study. Canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) concentrations were evaluated before and after administration of ASNase, vincristine, or both. All dogs enrolled in the study were evaluated for signs compatible with clinical pancreatitis. No dogs receiving ASNase alone showed evidence of clinical pancreatitis after administration. Also, there was no statistically significant change in cPLI concentrations before or after treatment. Fourteen percent of dogs that received both vincristine and ASNase concurrently had elevated concentrations of cPLI after treatment. Of the 11 dogs with clinical signs compatible with pancreatitis after any chemotherapy treatment, no dog had a cPLI concentration > 400 μg/dL. In conclusion, ASNase did not cause clinical pancreatitis in this cohort of dogs but larger sample sizes are required to further validate this data

Topics: Articles
Publisher: Canadian Veterinary Medical Association
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2666314
Provided by: PubMed Central
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