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Alternative pre-mRNA splicing switches modulate gene expression in late erythropoiesis

By Miki L. Yamamoto, Tyson A. Clark, Sherry L. Gee, Jeong-Ah Kang, Anthony C. Schweitzer, Amittha Wickrema and John G. Conboy

Abstract

Differentiating erythroid cells execute a unique gene expression program that insures synthesis of the appropriate proteome at each stage of maturation. Standard expression microarrays provide important insight into erythroid gene expression but cannot detect qualitative changes in transcript structure, mediated by RNA processing, that alter structure and function of encoded proteins. We analyzed stage-specific changes in the late erythroid transcriptome via use of high-resolution microarrays that detect altered expression of individual exons. Ten differentiation-associated changes in erythroblast splicing patterns were identified, including the previously known activation of protein 4.1R exon 16 splicing. Six new alternative splicing switches involving enhanced inclusion of internal cassette exons were discovered, as well as 3 changes in use of alternative first exons. All of these erythroid stage-specific splicing events represent activated inclusion of authentic annotated exons, suggesting they represent an active regulatory process rather than a general loss of splicing fidelity. The observation that 3 of the regulated transcripts encode RNA binding proteins (SNRP70, HNRPLL, MBNL2) may indicate significant changes in the RNA processing machinery of late erythroblasts. Together, these results support the existence of a regulated alternative pre-mRNA splicing program that is critical for late erythroid differentiation

Topics: Red Cells, Iron, and Erythropoiesis
Publisher: American Society of Hematology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2665901
Provided by: PubMed Central
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