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Noncanonical Fungal Autophagy Inhibits Inflammation in Response to IFN-γ via DAPK1

By Vasilis Oikonomou, Silvia Moretti, Giorgia Renga, Claudia Galosi, Monica Borghi, Marilena Pariano, Matteo Puccetti, Carlo A. Palmerini, Lucia Amico, Alessandra Carotti, Lucia Prezioso, Angelica Spolzino, Andrea Finocchi, Paolo Rossi, Andrea Velardi, Franco Aversa, Valerio Napolioni and Luigina Romani

Abstract

SummaryDefects in a form of noncanonical autophagy, known as LC3-associated phagocytosis (LAP), lead to increased inflammatory pathology during fungal infection. Although LAP contributes to fungal degradation, the molecular mechanisms underlying LAP-mediated modulation of inflammation are unknown. We describe a mechanism by which inflammation is regulated during LAP through the death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1). The ATF6/C/EBP-β/DAPK1 axis activated by IFN-γ not only mediates LAP to Aspergillus fumigatus but also concomitantly inhibits Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) activation and restrains pathogenic inflammation. In mouse models and patient samples of chronic granulomatous disease, which exhibit defective autophagy and increased inflammasome activity, IFN-γ restores reduced DAPK1 activity and dampens fungal growth. Additionally, in a cohort of hematopoietic stem cell-transplanted patients, a genetic DAPK1 deficiency is associated with increased inflammation and heightened aspergillosis susceptibility. Thus, DAPK1 is a potential drugable player in regulating the inflammatory response during fungal clearance initiated by IFN-γ

Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.chom.2016.10.012
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