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Identification of targets of the Wnt pathway destruction complex in addition to β-catenin

By Nam-Gyun Kim, Chong Xu and Barry M. Gumbiner


The proteasomal degradation of β-catenin mediated by the glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) and destruction complex is the central step in the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. However, that there are branches of Wnt signaling pathways that do not depend on β-catenin/Tcf-mediated transcription activation has long been understood. In this study, we hypothesized that there are many more GSK3 and destruction complex-dependent proteolytic target proteins that mediate Wnt signaling in the cell. To test this hypothesis, we have developed and carried out a screen for such candidate proteins using an in vitro expression cloning technique and biochemical reconstitution of Wnt signaling in Xenopus egg cytoplasmic extracts. Forty-two proteins have been identified as potential candidates for GSK3-regulated phosphorylation, proteasomal degradation, or both, of which 12 are strong candidates for Wnt-pathway-regulated degradation. Some of them have been reported to interact with β-catenin and implicated in the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, and other targets identified include proteins with various cellular functions such as RNA processing, cytoskeletal dynamics, and cell metabolism. Thus, we propose that Wnt/GSK3/destruction complex signaling regulates multiple target proteins to control a broad range of cellular activities in addition to β-catenin-mediated transcription activation

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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