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Amyloidogenesis Abolished by Proline Substitutions but Enhanced by Lipid Binding

By Ping Jiang, Weixin Xu and Yuguang Mu


The influence of lipid molecules on the aggregation of a highly amyloidogenic segment of human islet amyloid polypeptide, hIAPP20–29, and the corresponding sequence from rat has been studied by all-atom replica exchange molecular dynamics (REMD) simulations with explicit solvent model. hIAPP20–29 fragments aggregate into partially ordered β-sheet oligomers and then undergo large conformational reorganization and convert into parallel/antiparallel β-sheet oligomers in mixed in-register and out-of-register patterns. The hydrophobic interaction between lipid tails and residues at positions 23–25 is found to stabilize the ordered β-sheet structure, indicating a catalysis role of lipid molecules in hIAPP20–29 self-assembly. The rat IAPP variants with three proline residues maintain unstructured micelle-like oligomers, which is consistent with non-amyloidogenic behavior observed in experimental studies. Our study provides the atomic resolution descriptions of the catalytic function of lipid molecules on the aggregation of IAPP peptides

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