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Identification of a Cytoplasmic Complex That Adds a Cap onto 5′-Monophosphate RNA ▿ §

By Yuichi Otsuka, Nancy L. Kedersha and Daniel R. Schoenberg


Endonuclease decay of nonsense-containing β-globin mRNA in erythroid cells generates 5′-truncated products that were reported previously to have a cap or caplike structure. We confirmed that this 5′ modification is indistinguishable from the cap on full-length mRNA, and Western blotting, immunoprecipitation, and active-site labeling identified a population of capping enzymes in the cytoplasm of erythroid and nonerythroid cells. Cytoplasmic capping enzyme sediments in a 140-kDa complex that contains a kinase which, together with capping enzyme, converts 5′-monophosphate RNA into 5′-GpppX RNA. Capping enzyme shows diffuse and punctate staining throughout the cytoplasm, and its staining does not overlap with P bodies or stress granules. Expression of inactive capping enzyme in a form that is restricted to the cytoplasm reduced the ability of cells to recover from oxidative stress, thus supporting a role for capping in the cytoplasm and suggesting that some mRNAs may be stored in an uncapped state

Topics: Articles
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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