Oxazolidinones are known to inhibit protein biosynthesis and act against a wide spectrum of gram-positive bacteria. A new investigational oxazolidinone, ranbezolid, inhibited bacterial protein synthesis in Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. In S. epidermidis, ranbezolid showed inhibition of cell wall and lipid synthesis and a dose-dependent effect on membrane integrity. A kill-kinetics study showed that ranbezolid was bactericidal against S. epidermidis. In vitro translation of the luciferase gene done using bacterial and mammalian ribosomes indicated that ranbezolid specifically inhibited the bacterial ribosome. Molecular modeling studies revealed that both linezolid and ranbezolid fit in similar manners the active site of ribosomes, with total scores, i.e., theoretical binding affinities after consensus, of 5.2 and 6.9, respectively. The nitrofuran ring in ranbezolid is extended toward C2507, G2583, and U2584, and the nitro group forms a hydrogen bond from the base of G2583. The interaction of ranbezolid with the bacterial ribosomes clearly helps to elucidate its potent activity against the target pathogen
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