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Cyclic AMP-induced Chromatin Changes Support the NFATc-mediated Recruitment of GATA-3 to the Interleukin 5 Promoter*

By Stefan Klein-Hessling, Tobias Bopp, Mithilesh K. Jha, Arthur Schmidt, Shoichiro Miyatake, Edgar Schmitt and Edgar Serfling


Elevated intracellular cyclic AMP levels, which suppress the proliferation of naive T cells and type 1 T helper (Th1) cells are a property of T helper 2 (Th2) cells and regulatory T cells. While cyclic AMP signals interfere with the IL-2 promoter induction, they support the induction of Th2-type genes, in particular of il-5 gene. We show here that cyclic AMP signals support the generation of three inducible DNase I hypersensitive chromatin sites over the il-5 locus, including its promoter region. In addition, cyclic AMP signals enhance histone H3 acetylation at the IL-5 promoter and the concerted binding of GATA-3 and NFATc to the promoter. This is facilitated by direct protein-protein interactions involving the C-terminal Zn2+-finger of GATA-3 and the C-terminal region of the NFATc1 DNA binding domain. Because inhibition of NFATc binding to the IL-5 promoter in vivo also affects the binding of GATA-3, one may conclude that upon induction of Th2 effector cells NFATc recruits GATA-3 to Th2-type genes. These data demonstrate the functional importance of cyclic AMP signals for the interplay between GATA-3 and NFATc factors in the transcriptional control of lymphokine expression in Th2 effector cells

Topics: Transcription, Chromatin, and Epigenetics
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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