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Recognition of the Rotavirus mRNA 3′ Consensus by an Asymmetric NSP3 Homodimer

By Rahul C. Deo, Caroline M. Groft, K.R. Rajashankar and Stephen K. Burley


AbstractRotaviruses, the cause of life-threatening diarrhea in humans and cattle, utilize a functional homolog of poly(A) binding protein (PABP) known as nonstructural protein 3 (NSP3) for translation of viral mRNAs. NSP3 binds to viral mRNA 3′ consensus sequences and circularizes the mRNA via interactions with eIF4G. The X-ray structure of the NSP3 RNA binding domain bound to a rotaviral mRNA 3′ end has been determined. NSP3 is a novel, heart-shaped homodimer with a medial RNA binding cleft. The homodimer is asymmetric, and contains two similar N-terminal segments plus two structurally different C-terminal segments that intertwine to create a tunnel enveloping the mRNA 3′ end. Biophysical studies demonstrate high affinity binding leading to increased thermal stability and slow dissociation kinetics, consistent with NSP3 function

Publisher: Cell Press.
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S0092-8674(01)00632-8
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