Here, we report that Cdk5 activation is stimulated by insulin and plays a key role in the regulation of GLUT4-mediated glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Insulin activation of Cdk5 requires PI3K signaling. Insulin-activated Cdk5 phosphorylates E-Syt1, a 5 C2-domain protein-related to the synaptotagmins that is induced during adipocyte differentiation. Phosphorylated E-Syt1 associates with GLUT4, an event inhibited by the Cdks inhibitor roscovitine. Cdk5 silencing inhibits glucose uptake by 3T3-L1 adipocytes. These studies elucidate a previously unknown activity of Cdk5 and demonstrate the involvement of this kinase in the regulation of insulin-dependent glucose uptake in adipocytes
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