Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository


By S. Della Sala, G. Cocchini, N. Beschin and A. Cameron


There has been a growing interest in anosognosia in both clinical and research domains, yet relatively little attention has been paid to methods for evaluating it. Usually, the presence and severity of anosognosia is assessed by means of structured interviews or questionnaires. Both interviews and questionnaires can provide valuable information, but they rely heavily on self-evaluation and language, and are therefore prone to bias and pose more difficulty in the assessment of aphasic patients. The aim of this study was to develop a new tool, the VATAm (Visual-Analogue Test for Anosognosia for motor impairment), to assess explicit anosognosia for motor impairments. The VATAm is a questionnaire that compares a patient's self-evaluation with a caregivers’ evaluation of the patient's abilities on a series of motor tasks. In addition, the test overcomes some of the limitations of the existing structured interviews and questionnaires, by enhancing reliability, improving data interpretation and diagnosis, and enabling assessment of patients with aphasia

Topics: Article
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.g... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    1. (2006). Anosognosia after stroke: Assessment, occurrence, subtypes and impact on functional outcome reviewed.
    2. (2005). Anosognosia and the two-factor theory of delusions.
    3. (1994). Anosognosia and visuoverbal confabulation.
    4. (2007). Anosognosia for hemiplegia after stroke is a multifaced phenomenon: A systematic review of the literature.
    5. (1996). Anosognosia for hemiplegia, neglect dyslexia and drawing neglect: Clinical findings and theoretical considerations.
    6. (2006). Anosognosia for motor and sensory deficits after unilateral brain damage: A review.
    7. (2004). Anosognosia for plegia: Specificity, extension, partiality and disunity of bodily unawareness.
    8. Anosognosia in patients with cerebrovascular lesions: A study of causative factors.
    9. (2004). Anosognosia: The neurology of beliefs and uncertainties.
    10. (2005). Awareness of the functioning of one’s own limbs mediated by the insula cortex?
    11. (2002). Chronic anosognosia: A case report and theoretical account.
    12. (1998). Comparing an individual’s test score against norms derived from small samples.
    13. (1997). Composite neuropsychological batteries and demographic correction: Standardization based on equivalent scores, with a review of published data.
    14. (2000). Criterion validity of lower extremity Motricity Index scores.
    15. (1952). Denial of illness: Its occurrence in one hundred consecutive cases of hemiplegia.
    16. (1993). Depression in cerebrovascular disease. In
    17. (2001). Detecting change: A comparison of three neuropsychological methods, using normal and clinical samples.
    18. (2004). Holding out for a reliable change from confusion to a solution: A comment on Maassen’s ‘‘The standard error in the Jacobson and Truax Reliable Change Index’’.
    19. (2005). Incidence and diagnosis of anosognosia for hemiparesis revised.
    20. (1992). Measurement in neurological rehabilitation.
    21. (1999). Motricity Index scores are valid indicators of paretic upper extremity strength following stroke.
    22. (1998). Phantoms in the brain: The sound of one hand clapping.
    23. (2000). Prospective and retrospective memory in normal ageing and dementia: A questionnaire study.
    24. (2005). Shared cortical anatomy for motor awareness and motor control.
    25. (1978). Study of anosognosia.
    26. (1993). The incidence of neglect phenomena and related disorders in patients with an acute right or left hemisphere stroke.
    27. (1991). The pathogenesis of anosognosia for hemiplegia.
    28. (1986). Unawareness of disease following lesions of the right hemisphere: Anosognosia for hemiplegia and anosognosia for hemianopia.
    29. (1990). Unawareness of visual and sensorimotor defects: A hypothesis.

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.