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Neurologic uses of botulinum neurotoxin type A

By John P Ney and Kevin R Joseph


This article reviews the current and most neurologic uses of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A), beginning with relevant historical data, neurochemical mechanism at the neuromuscular junction. Current commercial preparations of BoNT-A are reviewed, as are immunologic issues relating to secondary failure of BoNT-A therapy. Clinical uses are summarized with an emphasis on controlled clinical trials (as appropriate), including facial movement disorders, focal neck and limb dystonias, spasticity, hypersecretory syndromes, and pain

Topics: Expert Opinion
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central

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