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A Flexible Front-End Signal Processor for High-Speed Image Sensor Readout

By Carl Grace, Dario Gnani, Jean-Pierre Walder and Bob Zheng

Abstract

AbstractThe High-Speed Image Pre-Processor with Oversampling (HIPPO) is a prototype image sensor readout integrated circuit designed for both high performance and enhanced flexibility. HIPPO's initial target application is the instrumentation of bufferless, column-parallel, soft x-ray Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) image sensors operating at column rates up to 10MHz, enabling 10,000 frames-per-second (fps) video rates. HIPPO's architecture is flexible and allows design tradeoffs between speed, accuracy, and area. This architectural flexibility will enable the fast development of related image sensor and particle detector readout ICs based on HIPPO technology. HIPPO contains 16 channels, each comprising a charge amplifier, a dual-slope correlated double sampler, a sample-and-hold, a multiplexed 12b, 80 MS/s pipelined ADC (one ADC for every 4 channels), and a 480 Mb/s output serializer.HIPPO achieves 35 e-read noise at 10,000 fps for a 1 Mpixel sensor, improving to 24 e-at 5000 fps. HIPPO's charge-domain input obviates the source follower amplifier used in most CCDs and enables the implementation of a fully column-parallel CCD architecture. HIPPO was specifically designed to be flexible in both the sequencing of its operations and in its ability to accommodate input rates potentially varying over an order of magnitude

Publisher: Carl Grace. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.phpro.2012.02.491
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