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Pacemaker lead fracture without an increase in lead impedance caused by cardiac fibroma

By Daisuke Sato, Hiroki Kitajima, Hiroki Mani, Chang-Hee Park and Yeong-Hwa Chun


AbstractWe report the case of a 64-year-old man who had a permanent pacemaker with a unipolar silicone electrode positioned in the right ventricle in 1989 for sinus node dysfunction. On a routine checkup in June 2011, a 28-mm-diameter mass was discovered, which appeared to adhere to the tricuspid valve and the ventricular lead. The size of the mass did not change for the next 6 months, and the lead impedance was maintained at around 500–600Ω. Because pacing failure was observed in January 2012, he underwent an urgent pacemaker check; however, the lead impedance was found not to have increased greatly (689Ω). Nevertheless, the pacemaker lead was noted to be fractured at the tricuspid level. His echocardiogram showed new severe tricuspid regurgitation and a floating mass around the lead. We extracted the fractured lead, enucleated the tumor, replaced the tricuspid valve, and placed an epicardial lead. Macroscopic examination revealed that the tumor surrounded the fractured lead and covered the stump. Pathological examination revealed that the tumor was composed of fibrous connective tissue. We presumed that electric current continued to flow through the stump of the fractured unipolar lead to the generator, and this might have caused the limited increase in lead impedance

Publisher: Japanese Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.joa.2013.04.001
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