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A late-recognized Currarino syndrome in an adult revealed by an anal fistula

By Radwan Kassir and David Kaczmarek

Abstract

AbstractINTRODUCTIONCurrarino syndrome (CS) is characterized by the triad of anorectal malformations, sacral bone defects, and presacral mass in which an autosomal dominant inheritance has been described. The surgical community has a little no knowledge of CS in adults, apart from, perhaps, a small number of paediatric surgeons. Therefore, we sought to describe this unusual cause of anal fistula.PRESENTATION OF CASEA 55-year-old man was referred with an anal fistula. The patient was scheduled for drainage of multiple collections and an anal fistulectomy. Cytological results were confirmed that the cyst was dermoid (and non abscess). One month after surgery, the patient informs us of his CS. MRI was performed and it revealed an anterior sacral mass. It was to decide to realize an exeresis of this mass by coelioscopy. The patient experienced severely constipated and urinary retention. After therapy by Peristeen anal irrigation and self Intermittent catheterization (six times daily), there was a good improvement in symptoms.DISCUSSIONThis is an extremely rare case of CS revealed in an adult. MRI is a sensitive non-invasive diagnostic tool, and could be performed on any patient with long-standing anal fistula.CONCLUSIONWe recommend an early and multidisciplinary approach of CS is suspected in a patient. The surgeon must always be alert to the possibility of pelvic nerves injury during an exeresis of a retrorectal tumour fistulized

Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.02.011
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