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Synthesis and characterization of silica nanoparticles from clay

By Usama Zulfiqar, Tayyab Subhani and S. Wilayat Husain

Abstract

AbstractWe report a method to synthesize silica nanoparticles from bentonite clay. A series of thermal and acid treatment processes was performed on bentonite clay to lower the alumina and increase the silica content. The obtained silica rich clay was treated in two different concentrations (10wt% and 40wt%) with sodium hydroxide solution to form sodium silicate solutions (SSS). One type of SSS was hydrolyzed with three different concentrations (5M, 10M and 15M) of nitric acid in the presence of ethanol as cosolvent while the other SSS was hydrolyzed with nitric acid in the presence of three different quantities (10ml, 20ml and 30ml) of ethanol as cosolvent. A range of silica particle sizes from nanometer to micrometer was obtained by varying the contents of silica rich clay, HNO3, and ethanol. It was observed that the concentration of silica rich clay and HNO3 had a direct effect on the particle size. The increase in the quantity of ethanol from 10ml to 20ml produced bimodal particles of nanometer and micrometer size, which maintained at 30ml. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction were utilized to characterize the clay, SSS and nanoparticles

Publisher: The Ceramic Society of Japan and the Korean Ceramic Society. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jascer.2015.12.001
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