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Mutations in the K+ channel signature sequence

By L. Heginbotham, Z. Lu, T. Abramson and R. MacKinnon

Abstract

Potassium channels share a highly conserved stretch of eight amino acids, a K+ channel signature sequence. The conserved sequence falls within the previously defined P-region of voltage-activated K+ channels. In this study we investigate the effect of mutations in the signature sequence of the Shaker channel on K+ selectivity determined under bi-ionic conditions. Nonconservative substitutions of two threonine residues and the tyrosine residue leave selectivity intact. In contrast, mutations at some positions render the channel nonselective among monovalent cations. These findings are consistent with a proposal that the signature sequence contributes to a selectivity filter. Furthermore, the results illustrate that the hydroxyl groups at the third and fourth positions, and the aromatic group at position seven, are not essential in determining K+ selectivity

Publisher: The Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Year: 1994
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S0006-3495(94)80887-2
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