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Rheology and Ultrasound Scattering from Aggregated Red Cell Suspensions in Shear Flow

By L. Haider, P. Snabre and M. Boynard

Abstract

AbstractThe shear flow dynamics of reversible red cell aggregates in dense suspensions were investigated by ultrasound scattering, to study the shear disruption processes of Rayleigh clusters and examine the effective mean field approximation used in microrheological models. In a first section, a rheo-acoustical model, in the Rayleigh scattering regime, is proposed to describe the shear stress dependence of the low frequency scattered power in relation to structural parameters. The fractal scattering regime characterizing the anisotropic scattering from flocs of size larger than the ultrasound wavelength is further discussed. In the second section, we report flow-dependent changes in the low-frequency scattering coefficient in a plane-plane flow geometry to analyze the shear disruption processes of hardened or deformable red cell aggregates in neutral dextran polymer solution. Rheo-acoustical experiments are examined on the basis of the rheo-acoustical model and the effective medium approximation. The ability of ultrasound scattering technique to determine the critical disaggregation shear stress and to give quantitative information on particle surface adhesive energy is analyzed. Lastly, the shear-thinning behavior of weakly aggregated hardened or deformable red cells is described

Publisher: The Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1529/biophysj.104.041665
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