Early T wave inversion after thrombolytic therapy predicts better coronary perfusion: Clinical and angiographic study


AbstractObjectives. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that early inversion of T waves after thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial Infarction predicts patency of the infarct-related artery with high Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) perfusion flow and better in-hospital outcome.Background. Although numerous studies have demonstrated a strong association between early resolution of ST segment elevation after acute myocardial infarction and successful thrombolysis, little is known about early changes in T waves after thrombolytic therapy.Methods. Ninety-four consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) were studied with admission and predischarge radionuclide ventriculography and with coronary angiography within 72 h of admission. Patient stratification was based on the presence or absence of early (within 24 h) T wave inversion.Results. Early T wave inversion was associated with a higher patency rate of the infarct-related artery (90% vs. 65%, p < 0.02) and less severe residual stenosis ([mean ± SD] 73 ± 27 vs. 83 ± 22, p = 0.06), and when only TIMI perfusion grade 3 was considered, the difference was even greater (77% vs. 41%, p < 0.001). Patients with early inversion of T waves had a lower peak creatine kinase value ([mean ± SD] 678 ± 480 vs. 1,076 ± 620, p < 0.01), and although a similar percent of patients with and without early T wave inversion had a normal ejection fraction (≥55%) on admission, a higher percent of patients with early inversion had a normal ejection fraction at hospital discharge (71% vs. 44%, p < 0.03). Early T wave inversion anticipated a more benign in-hospital clinical course with a lower incidence of adverse cardiac events (10% vs. 33%, p < 0.02).Conclusions. Early inversion of T waves in patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with thrombolytic therapy suggests patency of the infarct-related artery, better perfusion grade and left ventricular function and a more benign in-hospital course

Similar works

Full text


Elsevier - Publisher Connector

Provided a free PDF
Last time updated on 5/6/2017View original full text link

This paper was published in Elsevier - Publisher Connector .

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.