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New resource augmentation analysis of the total stretch of SRPT and SJF in multiprocessor scheduling

By Wun-Tat Chan, Tak-Wah Lam, Kin-Shing Liu and Prudence W.H. Wong


AbstractThis paper studies online job scheduling on multiprocessors and, in particular, investigates the algorithms Shortest Remaining Processing Time First (SRPT) and Shortest Job First (SJF) for minimizing total stretch, where the stretch of a job is its flow time (response time) divided by its processing time. SRPT is perhaps the most well-studied algorithm for minimizing total flow time or stretch. This paper gives the first resource augmentation analysis of the total stretch of SRPT, showing that it is indeed O(1)-speed 1-competitive. This paper also gives a simple lower bound result showing that SRPT is not s-speed 1-competitive for any s<1.5.This paper also makes contribution to the analysis of SJF. Extending the work of [L. Becchetti, S. Leonardi, A. Marchetti-Spaccamela, K. Pruhs, Online weighted flow time and deadline scheduling, in: RANDOM-APPROX, 2001, pp. 36–47], we are able to show that SJF is O(1)-speed 1-competitive for minimizing total stretch. More interestingly, we find that the competitiveness of SJF can be reduced arbitrarily by increasing the processor speed (precisely, SJF is O(s)-speed (1/s)-competitive for any s⩾1). We conjecture that SRPT also admits a similar result

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.tcs.2006.06.003
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