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Interrelationships of Meloidogyne arenaria and M. incognita on Tolerant Soybean

By I. K. A. Ibrahim and S. A. Lewis


Reproduction of Meloidogyne arenaria race 2 was excellent on Centennial, Govan, and Kirby soybeans, the latter two of which have tolerance to this species. The M. incognita race 1 isolate reproduced poorly on Centennial, especially at the higher of two temperature regimes. Numbers of galls and egg masses of M. arenaria plus M. incognita in simultaneous equivalent infestations on Centennial did not differ from sequential infestations in which M. arenaria was added first and M. incognita was added to the same pots, 1,2, or 3 weeks later. However, at both 25 and 30 C, suppression of galls and egg masses occurred when inoculation of M. incognita preceded that of M. arenaria by 2 weeks. Generally, M. arenaria reproduced well at 25 or 30 C, whereas M. incognita reproduced better at 30 C. Kirby was tolerant to either nematode species at 25 and 30 C, but in combined infestations of M. arenaria and M. incognita there was evidence of synergistic growth suppression. Govan was tolerant of M. arenaria at 25 C but not at 30 C. Moreover, general plant growth was less vigorous for Govan at the higher temperature, whereas Centennial was much more vigorous at this temperature. Kirby grew equally well at both temperatures

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Publisher: Society of Nematologists
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