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Characterization of the Differential Roles of the Twin C1a and C1b Domains of Protein Kinase Cδ*S⃞

By Yongmei Pu, Susan H. Garfield, Noemi Kedei and Peter M. Blumberg


Classic and novel protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes contain two zinc finger motifs, designated “C1a” and “C1b” domains, which constitute the recognition modules for the second messenger diacylglycerol (DAG) or the phorbol esters. However, the individual contributions of these tandem C1 domains to PKC function and, reciprocally, the influence of protein context on their function remain uncertain. In the present study, we prepared PKCδ constructs in which the individual C1a and C1b domains were deleted, swapped, or substituted for one another to explore these issues. As isolated fragments, both the δC1a and δC1b domains potently bound phorbol esters, but the binding of [3H]phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate ([3H]PDBu) by the δC1a domain depended much more on the presence of phosphatidylserine than did that of the δC1b domain. In intact PKCδ, the δC1b domain played the dominant role in [3H]PDBu binding, membrane translocation, and down-regulation. A contribution from the δC1a domain was nonetheless evident, as shown by retention of [3H]PDBu binding at reduced affinity, by increased [3H]PDBu affinity upon expression of a second δC1a domain substituting for the δC1b domain, and by loss of persistent plasma membrane translocation for PKCδ expressing only the δC1b domain, but its contribution was less than predicted from the activity of the isolated domain. Switching the position of the δC1b domain to the normal position of the δC1a domain (or vice versa) had no apparent effect on the response to phorbol esters, suggesting that the specific position of the C1 domain within PKCδ was not the primary determinant of its activity

Topics: Mechanisms of Signal Transduction
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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